Ask An Expert - Dog Park Dog Fight

Ask An Expert - Dog Park Dog Fight
If my dog is attacked at the dog park, what should I do?


Q: If my dog is attacked at the dog park, what should I do? —Tracey, Austin, TX

UNPROVOKED ATTACKS ARE ACTUALLY EXTREMELY rare but very dangerous. When they occur, there is usually a considerable size difference between the two dogs—the attacker is large and the victim small—and the attack is usually eerily silent, rapid, and often predatory. Often both the attacker and the victim are un-socialized. Sometimes the attacker picks up and carries and shakes the victim. This is a dire emergency: scream blue murder! Create as much noise as possible to convince other people to shout and help chase down the dog and get him to release the victim. I once chased down a neighbour’s German Shepherd to rescue a Pekingnese. Sadly, the Peke died three days later. Dog fights, on the other hand are extremely common but rarely dangerous.

Dog fights occur between all dogs but most usually between male dogs less than two years of age. Most people assume one dog is a dominant bully and the other an innocent victim but more usually both dogs are under-socialized and lack confidence and social savvy. Frequently, the two dogs will eyeball each other and the tension will progressively escalate as each dog is incited by the others reactivity. The resulting dogfight is often noisy and protracted, however, few of these altercations necessitate a trip to the veterinary clinic. The dogs are reactive but not dangerous because, during puppyhood, they both developed bite inhibition and learned to settle differences via Marquis of Dogsberry Fighting Rules: only biting the other dog from the neck forwards (scuff and soft part of neck, muzzle, head, and ears) and never puncturing the skin. Learning bite inhibition and socially acceptable stereotypical fighting patterns are the most important reasons for dogs to attend off-leash puppy and adolescent classes.

The best, safest, and most effective way to break up a dog fight is by pushing a “pig board” (a 36” x 30” piece of plywood with a handle in the top) between the two dogs. Maybe this should be standard equipment for all dog parks, boarding, and day care facilities. Certainly do not try to separate the dogs with your hands or feet. Even though dogs may have good bite inhibition towards each other, they may or may not have developed sufficient bite inhibition toward people depending on the degree of puppyhood play with humans.

Standard dog park procedure is for as many people as possible to quickly approach and circle the dogs (to prevent other dogs joining in the fray) while shouting, “Sit! Sit! Sit!” and then praising the dogs as soon as they stop fighting.

Breaking up dogfights is never without potential danger to people so the best strategy is to never let your dog get into a fight. Prevent the desire to fight by thoroughly socializing your dog during puppyhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Routinely condition your dog to enjoy the proximity of other dogs. Never let your dog eyeball, lunge towards, or vocalize at other dogs. Simply ask your dog to sit and shush and look at you. Three basic obedience commands—Sit, Shush, and Watch Me—will go a long way to prevent your dog from getting into trouble. If your dog sits and shushes, he cannot bark and lunge, and if he looks at you he cannot eyeball and amp up the other dog. But more importantly, if your dog sits and looks at you, he presents the aura of a calm and confident dog, one that has a much more important mission (paying attention to you) than being concerned with the growly silliness of other dogs. Basically, you are training your dog to emulate the behavior of a true Top Dog. Remember, calm and confident dogs are seldom picked on, but under-socialized insecure dogs are attackbait. My wife teaches dogs to Watch and Wag whenever under pressure from other dogs; to pay attention to her and to wag their tails. It is surprisingly difficult for other dogs to pick an argument with a waggly rear end. For more tips, see ■

Dr. Ian Dunbar is a veterinarian, animal behaviourist, dog trainer, and author of several books and DVDs. He is the Founder of the Association of Pet Dog Trainers ( and co-creator of—a daily magazine for dog owners.

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Comments (6)

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Mon, 12/10/2012 - 18:32
I'm sorry, but I don't agree with this article. My dog is friendly, calm and knows how to "meet and greet" other dogs, but she was still attacked today at the dog park by a pack of four dogs that were the same size as her, but definitely NOT socialized at all. They approached her, circled her, and then two of them attacked until my husband intervened and drove them off. She tried to get back to us, but they wouldn't let her. They then went on to attack the next dog that came along (also friendly, and the same size as them) and the next dog, and so on. Sometimes it's just "bad parenting", and the victim is not at fault at all.
Sun, 12/30/2012 - 19:39
Dog park are very bad... Vet love them... Can make your dog bad in time
Sat, 01/04/2014 - 14:43
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Sun, 07/08/2018 - 07:38
Best way to break up a dog fight is to grab the dogs by the back legs, lift them up and pull or turn them away. Best if you have a person on each dog. A boxer jumped my dog and had her pinned to the ground. I grabbed his back legs and pulled him off as my dog was not fighting back. Lucky for me his owners showed up and took him away. Don't grab dog by the collar as you will get bit. Carrying doggie mace at the dog park for real bad fights is a good idea. Just don't spray every dog that gets in a little scuffle.
Sat, 02/09/2013 - 18:46
Our 6 month old puppy was attacked tonight at puppy training school. In spite of the fact that she had rolled over on her back the trainers old dog took this to the next level our puppy just evaded a serious bite from this large dog by crawling under a near by car this event has left our puppy fairly traumatized. She has settled down when she got home my concerns are for her interaction with other dogs in the future she has always been a quick study and has never been a problem to take out on walks or to go for free runs and has always enjoyed the company of other dogs before this event.
Thu, 05/22/2014 - 03:04

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